02 Dec What are Enterprise Environmental Factors?



You will find Enterprise Environmental Factors (EEFs) and Organizational Process Assets (OPAs) very frequently while going through the PMBOK and therefore firm understanding of the topics is required. Here we will discuss the Enterprise Environmental Factor.

According to PMBOK 5th edition (Page No. 29)

Enterprise environmental factors refer to conditions, not under the control of the project team, that influence,constrain, or direct the project. Enterprise environmental factors are considered inputs to most planning processes,may enhance or constrain project management options, and may have a positive or negative influence on the outcome.

According to Wikipedia definition of Environment is “The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.”Environment is the something which affects or influences our (human’s) behavior in certain way. We cannot change the environment but the environment forces us to change/adjust accordingly to live with it. Means you adjust according to the environment and prepare yourself to get less impacted and to benefit the most.

Similarly you will find many of the factors because of internal company culture and the social environment in which the organization does business which can have positive or negative affect on the outcome of your project. This is what we call as Enterprise Environmental Factors and must be consideredwhile working on your project. These factor may be as an internal or external factors on which you have no OR negligible control.

During project planning and throughout the project, we must revisit these factors and consider changes in the circumstances. Not surprising, most of the processes consider Enterprise Environmental Factors as anINPUTS according to the relevance.

PMBOK 5th edition lists 13 type of EEFs as below

  • Organizational culture, structure, and governance
  • Geographic distribution of facilities and resources
  • Government or industry standards
  • Infrastructure (e.g., existing facilities and capital equipment)
  • Existing human resources
  • Personnel administration
  • Company work authorization systems
  • Marketplace conditions
  • Stakeholder risk tolerances
  • Political climate
  • Organization’s established communications channels
  • Commercial databases
  • Project management information system (PMIS).



What is Organizational Process Assets?


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